Internet Of Things (IoT) – The Future
A buzz word that has recently swept the entire technology world is the ‘Internet of Things’, fondly called ‘IoT’. With its wide range of applications and the way it has made its way to all kinds of innovations, one is left to ponder if IoT will change the world. Have you ever asked the same question or have been asked so? The answer is quite simple. “Yes”!
Internet of Things or IoT is simply a network of objects or gadgets, which are interconnected and are able to collect and exchange data. The IoT ecosystem enables different entities to control other devices while being connected to them.
How does IoT work?
In an IoT ecosystem, a remote is used by an entity to send a request for information or a command for action to a device connected to the network. Once the gadget performs the operation on the command or the request, it sends back information to the network for it to be analyzed by the entity on the remote device. The remote can be anything from a smartphone to a tablet or desktop.
The data and information on the IoT network can be stored at various locations. It can be on cloud or local database or even on the remote machine.
Farming goes on IoT
Agriculture will get benefitted by IoT in the near future. Research is ongoing for helping tractors leverage the information from sensors to capture real-time data and optimize the farming practices. Farmers will be able to gain better insights about the field and the crop pattern’s effectiveness. This will enable them to take corrective measures if required and increase the produce of high-yielding variety crops per unit area. This will also give insights to agricultural scientists about the best and sustainable practices that help the world feed itself better.
One cannot help but wonder at how IoT can help balance the supply and demand of the global natural resources. IoT will help to maximize crop production and curb the harmful impacts on environment.
Buenos Aires has led by example to show how IoT can help to light up entire cities by leveraging the power of IoT. At the Argentinian capital, IoT has helped to manage and respond to over 30,000 complaints every month by using real-time data and social media insights. IoT has also helped the city to reduce its electricity consumption while keeping the city safe by proper lighting of the streets. Real-time data has also helped the city to address broken lights, power outages and vandalism.
It is not only about keeping cities bright, but also clean where IoT has helped immensely. The maintenance of 1400 kilometers of drainage pipes and their cleaning have been automated. This has helped the pipes to operate at full capacity and help the administration predict flooding in advance.
What if your car could be intelligent enough to understand which route to take for reaching the destination in minimal time? What if your car could predict inclement weathers on the road ahead? Well, though these may sound futuristic, IoT is helping to make this a present reality. We will very soon have cars that drive themselves to destinations by using the shortest path possible by understanding the traffic patterns. Key weather data can be tied in to avoid running into rainstorms or areas where flooding has occurred.
Very soon, you will be able to control all gadgets and appliances inside your home from your smartphone. Just one tap can ensure that all doors are locked. Another tap can ensure that the heating system works well. You can also get information on any appliance suffering failure. And you may not need to worry about it. Because the IoT system will itself inform a technician and set an appointment for repair. The window blinds may go down automatically if the sensors on your window find a lot of radiation entering your home.
Gadgets from FitBit, Apple and many other companies already help you track your sleep pattern and exercise routines. In the coming days, wearable tech will redefine healthcare and will be able to inform you of your fitness. Cardiac arrests can be informed about in advance. Your health information can be shared automatically with your personal doctor, who keeps tracking your data to keep you fit and advise you on impending ailments.
The day is not far when you will enter a retail store and will find a Beacon monitoring your behavior along with that of other customers. The beacons will then push advertisements to your devices or the electronic billboards near you. An estimate says that around USD 44.4 billion can be generated from beacon-triggered messages. You may also find electronic displays near a bus stop displaying an advertisement based on your taste and behavior at that moment. The sensors inside the display will keep monitoring people around them and will go ahead to display the apt advertisement at that moment.
Industries will benefit
Currently, a failure in one machine can disrupt the entire manufacturing line. This can bring the manufacturing process inside a factory to a standstill. This amounts to losses and drain of time for line maintenance engineers. What if machines could themselves inform the line maintenance engineer about a possible glitch much before the actual technical fault occurred? Sound like a good idea, right? In the near future, machines will be able to alert engineers about technical issues, which will take far less time to be repaired than an actual failure. This will also prevent disruption of the entire manufacturing line too.
Internet of Things is fast changing the face of the world. The day is not far when we will see all our gadgets connected to the internet and serving us better than they do today. The knowledge derived from continuous stream of data will be leveraged to make better informed, meticulous and timely decisions to improve quality of life.